Poor old Ecuador. Apart from the Galapagos Islands, few people know anything about the place; and the country’s one world-famous export that everyone has heard of is forever associated with an entirely different country – the Panama Hat. To any Ecuadorian worth his or her salt, it’s a sombrero de paja toquilla (toquilla-straw hat); and to the connoisseur, it’s a Montecristi (named after Ecuador’s most famous hat-making town, a place that’s like Havana to cigar aficionados).
The Andes mountains run the length of Ecuador, from the northern border with Colombia to the south and Peru, in a continuous chain that the 19th-century German explorer Alexander von Humboldt dramatically-christened “The Avenue of the Volcanoes”. Around the capital Quito, they reach their highest (and most photogenic) peaks, including Cayambe (a volcano that’s right on the equator, the only place on the equator where there’s permanent snow, and the only place on earth where both latitude and average temperature are 0°), Cotopaxi (a symmetrical mountain that’s one of the planet’s highest active volcanoes), and Chimborazo (whose summit is the furthest point from the centre of the earth, despite being 2500m lower than Everest, due to the equatorial bulge). Continue reading